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Bootstrap Popovers

In this tutorial you will learn how to create popovers with Bootstrap.

Creating Popovers with Bootstrap

Popover is a small overlay of content that is used to display secondary information of any element when it is clicked by a user, like those on the iPad.

Step 1: Adding the Popover Markup

To create a popover, you need to add the data-bs-toggle="popover" attribute to an element. Whereas, popover's title and its content that would display upon trigger or activation can be specified using the title and data-bs-content attribute respectively.

Here is the standard markup for adding a popover to a button.

<button type="button" data-bs-toggle="popover" title="Popover title" data-bs-content="Here's some amazing content.">Click to toggle popover</button>

Similarly, you can add popovers to the other elements such as links, icons, etc.

Note: For performance reasons the popovers data-apis are opt in like tooltips, means to use popovers you must initialize them yourself. Also, popovers with zero-length title and content values are never displayed, as well as triggering popovers on hidden elements will not work.

Step 2: Enabling the Popovers

Popovers can be triggered via JavaScript — just call the popover() Bootstrap method with the id, class or any CSS selector of the required element in your JavaScript code.

You can either initialize popovers individually or all in one go. The following example code will initialize all popovers on the page by selecting them by their data-bs-toggle attribute.

Example

jQuery JavaScript
Try this code »
<script>
$(document).ready(function(){
    $('[data-bs-toggle="popover"]').popover();  
});
</script>
<script>
document.addEventListener("DOMContentLoaded", function(){
    var popoverTriggerList = [].slice.call(document.querySelectorAll('[data-bs-toggle="popover"]'));
    var popoverList = popoverTriggerList.map(function(element){
        return new bootstrap.Popover(element);
    });
});
</script>

— The output of the above example will look something like this:


Setting the Directions of Popovers

You can set popovers to appear on top, right, bottom and left sides of an element.

Positioning of Popovers via Data Attributes

The following example will show you how to set the direction of popovers via data attributes.

<button type="button" class="btn btn-secondary" data-bs-toggle="popover" data-bs-placement="top" title="Popover title" data-bs-content="Popover on top">Popover on top</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-secondary" data-bs-toggle="popover" data-bs-placement="right" title="Popover title" data-bs-content="Popover on right.">Popover on right</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-secondary" data-bs-toggle="popover" data-bs-placement="bottom" title="Popover title" data-bs-content="Popover on bottom.">Popover on bottom</button>
<button type="button" class="btn btn-secondary" data-bs-toggle="popover" data-bs-placement="left" title="Popover title" data-bs-content="Popover on left.">Popover on left</button>

Positioning of Popovers via JavaScript

The following example will show you how to set the direction of popovers via JavaScript.

Example

jQuery JavaScript
Try this code »
<script>
$(document).ready(function(){
    $("#popTop").popover({placement : "top"});
    $("#popRight").popover({placement : "right"});
    $("#popBottom").popover({placement : "bottom"});
    $("#popLeft").popover({ placement : "left"});
});
</script>
<script>
document.addEventListener("DOMContentLoaded", function(){
    // Placement of popover on top
    var popTop = document.getElementById("popTop");
    var popoverTop = new bootstrap.Popover(popTop, { 
        placement : "top" 
    });

    // Placement of popover on right
    var popRight = document.getElementById("popRight");
    var popoverRight = new bootstrap.Popover(popRight, { 
        placement : "right" 
    });
    
    // Placement of popover on bottom
    var popBottom = document.getElementById("popBottom");
    var popoverBottom = new bootstrap.Popover(popBottom, { 
        placement : "bottom" 
    });

    // Placement of popover on left
    var popLeft = document.getElementById("popLeft");
    var popoverLeft = new bootstrap.Popover(popLeft, { 
        placement : "left" 
    });
});
</script>

Hiding the Popovers on Next Click

By default popovers are not hiding until you click the trigger element once again. You can use the focus trigger to hide the popovers when the user makes the next click.

<a href="#" class="btn btn-primary" tabindex="0" data-bs-toggle="popover" data-bs-trigger="focus" title="Popover title" data-bs-content="Here's some amazing content.">Dismissible popover</a>

Note: To make this feature work properly across the browsers, you must use the <a> tag, not the <button> tag, and you also must include a tabindex attribute.


Options

There are certain options which may be passed to popover() Bootstrap method to customize the functionality of the popover plugin.

Name Type Default Value Description
animation boolean true Apply a CSS fade transition to the popover.
container string | element | false false

Appends the popover to a specific element.

Specify container: 'body' to avoid rendering problems in more complex components (like input groups, button groups, etc.)

content string | element | function '' Sets default content value if data-bs-content attribute isn't present.
delay number | object 0

Time to delay in showing and hiding the popover (ms) — does not apply to manual trigger type.

If a number is supplied, delay is applied to both hide/show

Object structure is: delay: { "show": 500, "hide": 100 }

html boolean false

Insert HTML into the popover.

If false, innerText property will be used to insert content into the DOM.

Use simple text if you're worried about XSS attacks.

placement string | function 'right'

Sets the position of the popover — auto | top | bottom | left | right.

When auto value is specified, it will dynamically reorient the popover.

selector string | false false

If a selector is provided, popover objects will be attached to the specified targets.

This is normally used to apply popovers to dynamically added DOM elements.

template string '<div class="popover"><div class="popover-arrow"></div><h3 class="popover-header"></h3><div class="popover-body"></div></div>'

Base HTML to use when creating the popover.

The popover's title will be inserted into the .popover-header element.

The popover's content will be inserted into the .popover-body element.

The .popover-arrow element will become the popover's arrow.

The outermost wrapper element should have the .popover class.

title string | element | function '' Sets the default title value if title attribute isn't present.
trigger string 'click'

Specify how popover is triggered — click | hover | focus | manual. You can pass multiple triggers; separated with a space.

The value manual indicates that the popover will be triggered programmatically via the .show(), .hide() and .toggle() methods; this value cannot be combined with any other trigger.

fallbackPlacements array ['top', 'right', 'bottom', 'left'] Allows you to specify which placement Popper will use on fallback.
boundary string | element 'clippingParents' Overflow constraint boundary of the popover (applies only to Popper's preventOverflow modifier). It can also accept an HTMLElement reference (via JavaScript only).
customClass string | function ''

Add classes to the popover when it is shown. Please note that these classes will be added in addition to any classes specified in the template. To add multiple classes, separate them with spaces like: 'class1 class2'.

You can also pass a function that should return a single string containing additional class names.

sanitize boolean true Enable or disable the sanitization. If activated 'template', 'content' and 'title' options will be sanitized.
allowList object Default value Object which contains allowed attributes and tags.
sanitizeFn null | function null Allows you to specify your own sanitize function.
offset array | string | function [0, 8] Offset of the popover relative to its target. You can also pass a string in data attributes with comma separated values like: data-bs-offset="10,20"
popperConfig null | object | function null Allows you to change Bootstrap's default Popper config, see Popper's configuration.

You can set these options either through the use of data attributes or JavaScript. For setting the popovers options via data attributes, just append the option name to data-bs- along with the correct value, like data-bs-animation="false", data-bs-placement="top" etc.

Also, when passing the options via data attributes make sure to change the case type of the option name from camelCase to kebab-case. For example, instead of using data-bs-customClass="my-class", use data-bs-custom-class="my-class".

However, JavaScript is the preferred way of setting these options as it prevents you from repetitive work. See the passing options section below to know how to set the options for popovers via JavaScript.


Methods

These are the standard Bootstrap's popover methods:

Passing options

You can additionally pass options to the popovers using options object.

The following example will set the title text for the popovers dynamically, if the value of the title attribute is omitted or missing from the selected elements:

Example

jQuery JavaScript
Try this code »
<script>
$(document).ready(function(){
    $("#myPopover").popover({
        title : "Default popover title"
    });
});
</script>
<script>
document.addEventListener("DOMContentLoaded", function(){
    var element = document.getElementById("myPopover");
    var tooltip = new bootstrap.Popover(element, {
        title : "Default popover title"
    });
});
</script>

The following example will show you how to place the HTML content inside a popover:

Example

jQuery JavaScript
Try this code »
<script>
$(document).ready(function(){
    $("#myPopover").popover({
        title: '<h4 class="custom-title"><i class="bi-info-circle-fill"></i> Popover info</h4>',
        content: '<p>This is a <em>simple example</em> demonstrating how to insert HTML code inside <strong>Bootstrap popover</strong>.</p>',
        html: true
    }); 
});
</script>
<script>
document.addEventListener("DOMContentLoaded", function(){
    var element = document.getElementById("myPopover");
    var popover = new bootstrap.Popover(element, {
        title: '<h4 class="custom-title"><i class="bi-info-circle-fill"></i> Popover info</h4>',
        content: '<p>This is a <em>simple example</em> demonstrating how to insert HTML code inside <strong>Bootstrap popover</strong>.</p>',
        html: true
    });
});
</script>

The following example will show you how to control the timing of showing and hiding the popover using the popover's delay option dynamically via JavaScript.

Example

jQuery JavaScript
Try this code »
<script>
$(document).ready(function(){
    // Show and hide popover with same speed
    $("#tinyPopover").popover({
        delay: 100
    });
    
    // Show and hide popover with different speed
    $("#largePopover").popover({
        delay: {show: 0, hide: 2000}
    }); 
});
</script>
<script>
document.addEventListener("DOMContentLoaded", function(){
    var tinyTrigger = document.getElementById("tinyPopover");
    var largeTrigger = document.getElementById("largePopover");
        
    // Showing and hiding popover with same speed
    var tinyPopover = new bootstrap.Popover(tinyTrigger, {
        delay: 100
    });
    
    // Showing and hiding popover with different speed
    var largePopover = new bootstrap.Popover(largeTrigger, {
        delay: {show: 0, hide: 2000}
    });
});
</script>

The following example will show you how to create your own custom template for Bootstrap popovers instead of using the default one dynamically via JavaScript.

Example

jQuery JavaScript
Try this code »
<script>
$(document).ready(function(){
    $('[data-bs-toggle="popover"]').popover({
        template: '<div class="popover"><div class="popover-arrow"></div><h3 class="popover-header"></h3><div class="popover-body"></div><div class="popover-footer"><a class="btn btn-secondary btn-sm close">Close</a></div></div>'
    });

    // Close popover on button click
    $(document).on("click", ".popover .close" , function(){
        $(this).parents(".popover").popover("hide");
    });
});
</script>
<script>
document.addEventListener("DOMContentLoaded", function(){
    var popoverTriggerList = [].slice.call(document.querySelectorAll('[data-bs-toggle="popover"]'));
    var popoverList = popoverTriggerList.map(function(element){
        return new bootstrap.Popover(element, {
            template: '<div class="popover"><div class="popover-arrow"></div><h3 class="popover-header"></h3><div class="popover-body"></div><div class="popover-footer"><a class="btn btn-secondary btn-sm close">Close</a></div></div>'
        });
    });
});
    
// Close popover on button click
document.addEventListener("click", function(e){
    if(e.target && e.target.classList.contains("close")){
        var popover = bootstrap.Popover.getInstance(e.target.closest(".popover"));
        popover.hide();
    }
});
</script>

The following example will insert the dynamically generated HTML code of the popover at the end of the #wrapper element instead of the default <body> element.

Example

jQuery JavaScript
Try this code »
<script>
$(document).ready(function(){
    // Append popover HTML to wrapper element
    $("#myPopover").popover({
        container: "#wrapper"
    }); 
});
</script>
<script>
document.addEventListener("DOMContentLoaded", function(){
    var element = document.getElementById("myPopover");

    // Append popover HTML to wrapper element
    var popover = new bootstrap.Popover(element, {
        container: "#wrapper"
    });
});
</script>

Note: Overriding the popover's default container option value does not produce any visible difference on page. To see the actual result you need to inspect the DOM. Press Ctrl+Shift+I (Windows / Linux) or Cmd+Opt+I (Mac) to open Developer tools or DOM Inspector.

Similarly, you can set other options for the popovers. Let's check out the other methods of the Bootstrap popover plugin.

show

This method reveals an element's popover. This is considered a "manual" triggering of the popover.

Example

jQuery JavaScript
Try this code »
<script>
$(document).ready(function(){
    $("#myBtn").click(function(){
        $("#myPopover").popover("show");
    }); 
});
</script>
<script>
document.addEventListener("DOMContentLoaded", function(){
    var btn = document.getElementById("myBtn");
    var element = document.getElementById("myPopover");

    // Create a popover instance
    var myPopover = new bootstrap.Popover(element);

    btn.addEventListener("click", function(){
        myPopover.show();
    });
});
</script>

hide

This method hides an element's popover. This is considered a "manual" triggering of the popover.

Example

jQuery JavaScript
Try this code »
<script>
$(document).ready(function(){
    $("#myBtn").click(function(){
        $("#myPopover").popover("hide");
    }); 
});
</script>
<script>
document.addEventListener("DOMContentLoaded", function(){
    var btn = document.getElementById("myBtn");
    var element = document.getElementById("myPopover");

    // Create a popover instance
    var myPopover = new bootstrap.Popover(element);

    btn.addEventListener("click", function(){
        myPopover.hide();
    });
});
</script>

toggle

This method toggles an element's popover. This is considered a "manual" triggering of the popover.

Example

jQuery JavaScript
Try this code »
<script>
$(document).ready(function(){
    $("#myBtn").click(function(){
        $("#myPopover").popover("toggle");
    }); 
});
</script>
<script>
document.addEventListener("DOMContentLoaded", function(){
    var btn = document.getElementById("myBtn");
    var element = document.getElementById("myPopover");

    // Create a popover instance
    var myPopover = new bootstrap.Popover(element);

    btn.addEventListener("click", function(){
        myPopover.toggle();
    });
});
</script>

dispose

This method hides and destroys an element's popover (i.e. removes stored data on the DOM element).

Example

jQuery JavaScript
Try this code »
<script>
$(document).ready(function(){
    $("#myBtn").click(function(){
        $("#myPopover").popover("dispose");
    }); 
});
</script>
<script>
document.addEventListener("DOMContentLoaded", function(){
    var btn = document.getElementById("myBtn");
    var element = document.getElementById("myPopover");

    // Create a popover instance
    var myPopover = new bootstrap.Popover(element);

    btn.addEventListener("click", function(){
        myPopover.dispose();
    });
});
</script>

enable

This method gives an element's popover the ability to be shown. Popovers are enabled by default.

Example

jQuery JavaScript
Try this code »
<script>
$(document).ready(function(){
    $("#myBtn").click(function(){
        $("#myPopover").popover("enable");
    }); 
});
</script>
<script>
document.addEventListener("DOMContentLoaded", function(){
    var btn = document.getElementById("myBtn");
    var element = document.getElementById("myPopover");

    // Create a popover instance
    var myPopover = new bootstrap.Popover(element);

    btn.addEventListener("click", function(){
        myPopover.enable();
    });
});
</script>

disable

This method removes the ability for an element's popover to be shown. The popover will only be able to be shown if it is re-enabled.

Example

jQuery JavaScript
Try this code »
<script>
$(document).ready(function(){
    $("#myBtn").click(function(){
        $("#myPopover").popover("disable");
    }); 
});
</script>
<script>
document.addEventListener("DOMContentLoaded", function(){
    var btn = document.getElementById("myBtn");
    var element = document.getElementById("myPopover");

    // Create a popover instance
    var myPopover = new bootstrap.Popover(element);

    btn.addEventListener("click", function(){
        myPopover.disable();
    });
});
</script>

toggleEnabled

This method toggles the ability for an element's popover to be shown or hidden.

Example

jQuery JavaScript
Try this code »
<script>
$(document).ready(function(){
    $("#myBtn").click(function(){
        $("#myPopover").popover("toggleEnabled");
    }); 
});
</script>
<script>
document.addEventListener("DOMContentLoaded", function(){
    var btn = document.getElementById("myBtn");
    var element = document.getElementById("myPopover");

    // Create a popover instance
    var myPopover = new bootstrap.Popover(element);

    btn.addEventListener("click", function(){
        myPopover.toggleEnabled();
    });
});
</script>

update

This method updates the position of an element's popover.

Example

jQuery JavaScript
Try this code »
<script>
$(document).ready(function(){
    $("#myBtn").click(function(){
        $("#myPopover").popover("update");
    }); 
});
</script>
<script>
document.addEventListener("DOMContentLoaded", function(){
    var btn = document.getElementById("myBtn");
    var element = document.getElementById("myPopover");

    // Create a popover instance
    var myPopover = new bootstrap.Popover(element);

    btn.addEventListener("click", function(){
        myPopover.update();
    });
});
</script>

getInstance

This is a static method which allows you to get the popover instance associated with a DOM element.

Example

jQuery JavaScript
Try this code »
<script>
$(document).ready(function(){
    // Trigger the popover
    $("#myPopover").popover();
    
    // Get popover instance on button click
    $("#myBtn").click(function(){      	
        var myPopover = bootstrap.Popover.getInstance($("#myPopover")[0]);
        console.log(myPopover);
        // {_element: button#myPopover.btn.btn-primary.btn-lg, _isEnabled: true, _timeout: 0, _hoverState: null, _activeTrigger: {…}, …}
    });
});
</script>
<script>
document.addEventListener("DOMContentLoaded", function(){
    var btn = document.getElementById("myBtn");
    var element = document.getElementById("myPopover");

    // Trigger the popover
    var myPopover = new bootstrap.Popover(element);

    // Get popover instance on button click
    btn.addEventListener("click", function(){        
        var popover = bootstrap.Popover.getInstance(element);
        console.log(popover);
        // {_element: button#myPopover.btn.btn-primary.btn-lg, _isEnabled: true, _timeout: 0, _hoverState: null, _activeTrigger: {…}, …}
    });
});
</script>

getOrCreateInstance

This is a static method which allows you to get the popover instance associated with a DOM element, or create a new one in case if the popover wasn't initialized.

Example

jQuery JavaScript
Try this code »
<script>
$(document).ready(function(){
    // Get or create popover instance on button click
    $("#myBtn").click(function(){
        var myPopover = bootstrap.Popover.getOrCreateInstance($("#myPopover")[0]);
        console.log(myPopover);
        // {_element: button#myPopover.btn.btn-primary.btn-lg, _isEnabled: true, _timeout: 0, _hoverState: "", _activeTrigger: {…}, …}
    });
});
</script>
<script>
document.addEventListener("DOMContentLoaded", function(){
    var btn = document.getElementById("myBtn");
    var element = document.getElementById("myPopover");
    
    // Get or create popover instance on button click
    btn.addEventListener("click", function(){        
        var popover = bootstrap.Popover.getOrCreateInstance(element);
        console.log(popover);
        // {_element: button#myPopover.btn.btn-primary.btn-lg, _isEnabled: true, _timeout: 0, _hoverState: "", _activeTrigger: {…}, …}
    });
});
</script>

Events

Bootstrap's popover class includes few events for hooking into popover functionality.

Event Description
show.bs.popover This event fires immediately when the show instance method is called.
shown.bs.popover This event is fired when the popover has been made visible to the user. It will wait until the CSS transition process has been fully completed before getting fired.
hide.bs.popover This event is fired immediately when the hide instance method has been called.
hidden.bs.popover This event is fired when the popover has finished being hidden from the user. It will wait until the CSS transition process has been fully completed before getting fired.
inserted.bs.popover This event is fired after the show.bs.popover event when the popover template has been added to the DOM.

The following example will display an alert message to the user when the fade out transition of the popover has been fully completed.

Example

jQuery JavaScript
Try this code »
<script>
$(document).ready(function(){
    // Initialize popover
    $("#myPopover").popover();

    // Show alert when the popover has finished being hidden 
    $("#myPopover").on("hidden.bs.popover", function(){
        alert("Popover has been completely closed.");
    });
});
</script>
<script>
document.addEventListener("DOMContentLoaded", function(){
    var myPopover = document.getElementById("myPopover");

    // Initialize popover
    var popover = new bootstrap.Popover(myPopover); 
    
    // Show alert when the popover has finished being hidden 
    myPopover.addEventListener("hidden.bs.popover", function(){
        alert("Popover has been completely closed.");
    });                           
});
</script>
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