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Bootstrap Fixed Layout

In this tutorial you will learn how to create fixed layouts with Bootstrap.

Creating Fixed Layout with Bootstrap

With Bootstrap you can still create web page layouts based on fixed number of pixels, however the container width vary depending on the viewport width and the layout is responsive too.

The process of creating the fixed yet responsive layout basically starts with the .container class. After that you can create rows with the .row class to wrap the horizontal groups of columns. Rows must be placed within a .container for proper alignment and padding.

Further columns can be created inside a row using the predefined grid classes such as .col, col-{xs|sm|md|lg|xl|xxl}-*, where * represent grid number and should be from 1 to 12. Please check out the tutorial on Bootstrap grid system to learn more about grid classes..

Note: Actual content like text, images, videos, tables, etc. should be placed within columns, and only columns may be the immediate children of rows.

The following example will create a fixed width responsive layout that is 720px pixels wide on medium devices like tablets (viewport ≥ 768px), whereas 960px wide on large devices like small laptops (viewport ≥ 992px), 1140px wide on extra large devices like desktops (viewport ≥ 1200px), and 1320px wide on extra-extra large devices like large desktops (viewport ≥ 1400px).

However, on small devices such as mobile phones (576px ≤ viewport < 768px) the layout will be 540px wide. But, on extra-small devices (viewport < 576px) the layout will cover 100% width. Also, columns will be stacked vertically and navbar will be collapsed in both cases.

<!DOCTYPE html>
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<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
<title>Bootstrap Fixed Layout Example</title>
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— The output of the above example will look something like this:

We've used the margin utility classes such as .mb-3, .ml-auto, mx-2 etc. to adjust spacing between the elements. Whereas the classes .text-dark, .text-muted, .text-md-right are text utility classes to adjust color and alignment of text. You'll learn about them in later chapters.

Bootstrap UI Design Templates